Patenting Life: New Developments in Biotechnology|
by Office of Technology Assessment (Author), United States Congress (Author)
Since the discovery of recombinant DNA technology in the early 1970s,
biotechnology has become an essential tool for many researchers and industries.
The potential of biotechnology has spurred the creative genius of inventors
seeking to improve the Nation's health, food supply, and environment. In 1980,
the Supreme Court ruled that a living micro-organism could be patented.
Subsequently, the U. S. Patent and Trademark Office held that certain types of
plant and animal life constituted patentable subject matter. This special
report, prepared by the Office of Technology Assessment of the United States
Congress under, reviews U. S. patent law as it relates to the patentability of
micro-organisms, cells, plants, and animals; as well as specific areas of
concern, including deposit requirements and international considerations. The
report includes a range of options for congressional action related to the
patenting of animals, intellectual property protection for plants, and
enablement of patents involving biological material.
Paperback: 204 pages
Publisher: University Press of the Pacific (August 10, 2006)